Human spatial orientation

by Ian P. Howard

Publisher: Wiley in London, New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 533 Downloads: 657
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Subjects:

  • Orientation (Physiology),
  • Space perception.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. [445]-523.

Statement[by] I.P. Howard and W.B. Templeton.
ContributionsTempleton, William B., joint author.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP443 .H6
The Physical Object
Pagination533 p.
Number of Pages533
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5987897M
LC Control Number66018106

  But, unlike animals, human populations vary considerably in their spatial thinking. Revealing that these differences correlate with language (which is probably mostly responsible for the different cognitive styles), this book includes many cross-cultural studies investigating spatial memory, rea Spatial orientation and direction are core areas /5(17). Orientation was the bedrock of Ian Howard’s analysis of perception. It provided the focal points for his first books, on "Human Spatial Orientation" and "Human Visual Orientation", and it informed his analyses of "Binocular Vision". In the course of my doctoral research (on visual-vestibular interaction). Teach Orientation Strategies and Skills; Develop orientation skills through the use of environmental features (e.g., sun, sounds, slopes, etc.). Facilitate optimal development of the consumer's spatial organization skills using strategies such as cognitive mapping and spatial updating. Divided into four main sections, Foundations of Orientation and Mobility explores every aspect of Orientation and Mobility learning and instruction. The first section, Human Systems, discusses the significance of perception; spatial orientation; low vision; hearing; kinesiology; and psychological and social aspects for orientation and mobility.

Now in its Fourth Edition with a new editorial team, this comprehensive text addresses all medical and public health issues involved in the care of crews, passengers, and support personnel of aircraft and space vehicles. Coverage includes human physiology under flight conditions, clinical medicine in the aerospace environment, and the impact of the aviation industry on global public health.1/5(1). Abstracting Spatial Relations Among Goal Locations Michael F. Brown Villanova University. Geometry, Features, and Orientation in Vertebrate Animals: A Pictorial Review Ken Cheng & Nora Newcombe Macquarie University & Temple University. Updating Human Spatial Memory Holly A. Taylor & David N. Rapp Tufts University & Northwestern University. Spatial memory and disease. Research on spatial memory and the specific brain areas involved has been especially important in understanding disease. For example, atrophy in the hippocampal formation is an early feature in the progression of Alzheimer disease, with patients demonstrating impairments in spatial orientation and navigation. Further.   Playing the Super Mario 64 video game causes increased size in brain regions responsible for spatial orientation, memory formation and strategic planning as well as fine motor skills, a new study conducted at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and Charité University Medicine St. Hedwig-Krankenhaus has found.. The positive effects of video gaming may also be .

  1. J Immunol. Apr 1;(7) Apparent sensitivity of human K lymphocytes to the spatial orientation and organization of target cell-bound antibodies as measured by the efficiency of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC).

Human spatial orientation by Ian P. Howard Download PDF EPUB FB2

Human Spatial Orientation Hardcover – January 1, by Ian P. Howard (Author), William Brian Templeton (Author) out of 5 stars 1 rating. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ $ $ Hardcover, January 1, $ —Cited by: Human Spatial Navigation Hardcover – August 7, by Arne D. Ekstrom (Author), Hugo J. Spiers (Author), Véronique D. Bohbot (Author), out of 5 stars 1 rating See all formats and editionsCited by: In Human Spatial Navigation, four leading experts tackle fundamental and unique issues to produce the first book-length investigation into this subject.

Opening with the vivid story of Puluwat sailors who navigate in the open ocean with no mechanical aids, the authors begin by dissecting the Human spatial orientation book basis of human spatial navigation.

Lackner, J.R. Human spatial orientation in unusual force environments. Proceedings of the XXIst International Congress of Aviation and Space Medicine, The volume entitled “Spatial Orientation in Humans and Animals” edited by Dr Robert Lalonde, from the department of Psychology at the University of Normandy, France, provides a summary of our current knowledge on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the way human beings and animals orient themselves in their Human spatial orientation book environment.

Book Description: The first book to comprehensively explore the cognitive foundations of human spatial navigation.

Humans possess a range of navigation and orientation abilities, from the ordinary to the extraordinary. All of us must move from one location to the next. techniques that should aid the maintenance of spatial orientation (S.O.) in flight and reduce the frequency The human factors and aeromedical community also need to be cognisant of S.D.

in virtual reality environments as well as in those piloting UAVs. I would like to put this contemporary work in perspective - an historical perspective. I am. Two experiments were conducted.

In Experiment I, each of eight Ss attempted to place himself at 13 different goal orientations between prone and supine. Deviations of achieved body pitch angles from goal orientations were determined.

In Experiment II, each of eight Ss attempted to align a visual target with his morphological horizon while he was placed at each of the 13 goal orientations.

A “Note to Parents, Caregivers, and Professionals” at the back of the book ties the story content to specific types of spatial thinking and offers additional activities to support spatial reasoning.

ACTUAL SIZE, Steve Jenkins. (Ages ) Steve Jenkins always produces engaging, artful science books for children in early elementary school. Spatial orientation refers to the ability to identify the position or direction of objects or points in space (Benton & Tranel, ).

It can be assessed by asking patients to perform spatial transformations such as rotations or inversions of stimuli. Book Description: This major study of animal orientation in space launches the Princeton Series in Neurobiology and Behavior.

Bringing together for the first time the important work done on spatial orientation over the past twenty-five years, and reviewing research up to and including recent attempts to apply the methods of cybernetics, Hermann Schone discusses the most significant concepts in.

Spatial ability is the capacity to understand and remember the spatial relations among objects. This ability can be Several such books are listed in the Human cognitive abilities (chapter 8: Abilities in the domain of visual perception).

The volume entitled ""Spatial Orientation in Humans and Animals"" edited by Dr. Robert Lalonde, from the department of Psychology at the University of Normandy, France, provides a summary of our current knowledge on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the way human beings and animals orient themselves in their everyday environment.

Spatial orientation and navigation in three-dimensional space are complex human skills that require, among other things, keeping track of the current position of the body with reference to previous locations in the environment.

Spatial Disorientation: Confusion that Kills Spatial Disorientation GO BEYOND THE TEXTBOOK—STAY ORIENTED WITH THIS SAFETY SPOTLIGHT Pilots deprived of visual references while flying can quickly lose control of the aircraft and succumb to one of general aviation’s biggest killers: spatial.

tial orientation on the ground. The three-dimensional environment of flight is unfamiliar to the human body, creating sensory conflicts and illusions that make spatial orientation difficult, and sometimes impossible to achieve.

Sta-tistics show that between 5 to 10% of all general aviation accidents can be. Howard's research areas included human spatial orientation (how we tell whether we are upright or lying down), stereopsis (how we sense the distance of objects from our eyes from the differences in the images in the eyes), eye movements, and perceptual ambiguity.

SPATIAL ORIENTATION & MOTOR SKILLS Parents guide babies toward a highly-developed motor skill ability when they teach the concepts of spatial orientation during infancy.

Their movement develops more clarity and directness with the learning of these concepts. Think about what you would do if someone asked you to go to the other side of the room.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A. Human Spatial Orientation, Neural Basis of. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol.

The haptic perception of vertical, horizontal, and diagonal orientations was studied in children (aged 7 and 9 years) and in adults. The purpose was to test the hypothesis that the haptic oblique effect results from the different scanning movements at work when one hand explores an oblique standard and the other hand sets the response rod.

Spatial orientation is crucial for adapting to new environments and getting from one point to another. Without it, people will walk around in endless circles, never being able find which way they want to go. The brain has a specialized region just for navigating the spatial environment.

Anatomical Orientation and Directions. Information. To be able to direct others to specific anatomical structures, or to find structures based on someone else’s directions, it is useful to have specific pairs of terms that allow you to orient your search with respect to the location of another, known structures.

For a human in anatomical. Abstract. This chapter summarizes the spatial disorientation problems and navigation difficulties described by astronauts and cosmonauts, and relates them to research findings on orientation and navigation in humans and animals.

centred) spatial locations in the hippocampus [10•,11•] and posterior parietal cortex [12•] of monkeys. In this review, we address the issue of how much of this applies to human navigation. The past year or so is notable in witnessing a convergence of findings across species and methodologies, with increased understanding of human.

Spatial orientation. Spatial orientation (the inverse being spatial disorientation, aka spatial-D) is the ability to maintain body orientation and posture in relation to the surrounding environment (physical space) at rest and during motion.

Humans have evolved to maintain spatial orientation on the ground. Spatial Orientation in the Elderly: The Current Status of Understanding -- 6. Spatial Ability and the Limitations of Perceptual Systems -- 7. Spatial Orientation in Special Populations: The Mentally Retarded, The Blind, and The Elderly -- SECTION III MAP READING AND SPATIAL COGNITION -- 8.

Terrain Visualization and Map Reading -- 9. This is one of the spatial reasoning activities for kids that integrates literacy and comprehension with spatial reasoning.

Read a book together and then ask your child to draw a structure/building/scene from the book. Highly engaging, this is one of the best quiet time spatial. This physical orientation memory was an important aspect of human evolution and multiple sections of the brain are devoted to it (in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes).

In order to learn our territory and to avoid getting lost in Paleolithic times, these visual and spatial clues were (and still are) necessary for our survival.

Comment on “ Finding the way: A critical discussion of anthropological theories of human spatial orientation with reference to reindeer herders of northeastern Europe and western Siberia” by Istomin, K.

V. & Dwyer, M. J. ().Spatial disorientation, the inability of a person to determine his true body position, motion, and altitude relative to the earth or his surroundings. Both airplane pilots and underwater divers encounter the phenomenon. Most clues with respect to orientation are derived from sensations received.Spatial Disorientation: Causes, Consequences and Countermeasures for the USAF Major Todd E.

Heinle Human Effectiveness Directorate Eighth St, Bldg Rm Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio USA Mr. William R. Ercoline Veridian Engineering .